New Supply Chain Transparency Network Video launched at COP24

The new Supply Chain Transparency Network (SCTN) animation highlights the obstacles facing consumer companies’ supply chains in meeting zero deforestation commitments and the transparency tools available that can assist them.

View the video here

Event at COP24 highlights links between supply chain transparency and deforestation

Global Canopy and the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) will host a side event at COP 24 on Wednesday 5 December highlighting the links between agricultural commodity supply chains and deforestation in tropical countries

See the invite here

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ZSL report finds palm oil companies lacking clear sustainability targets

ZSL recently launched their annual assessment on 70 palm oil producers and traders on the public disclosure of their policies, operations and commitments to environmental, social and governance (ESG) best practice, to facilitate corporate engagement and increase industry transparency.

Read the press release here

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Imaflora finds that Soy leads to economic growth in Matopiba, but social indicators do not advance.

The conclusion is from a study conducted by Imaflora, presented at the end of May at a Conference in France.

At the end of May, Imaflora participated in the Global Annual Conference in Lille, France, promoted by the International Responsible Soy Association (RTRS), whose theme was: "Connections and Commitments: A Global Dialogue on Actions to Transform Soy."

Read the article - Soy in Matopiba - contradictions of the development model.

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New Innovation Forum article by ZSL - How transparency spreads commodity production best practice

Investors, and other stakeholders, urgently require clearer on-the-ground information so deforestation risks can be better assessed

Speaking recently, Christophe Deloire, secretary general of Reporters Without Borders, said that none of the main issues which humanity is facing will be resolved without access to information. With 2017 the second worst year on record for tropical tree cover loss, now is a good time to reflect on these words and consider how greater transparency in commodity production can help tackle the critical challenges of deforestation and forest degradation.

Read the Innovation Forum article

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ZSL finds lack of transparency in tropical forestry sector restricts monitoring of corporate commitments

Efforts to monitor and manage the impacts of the tropical forestry sector are being hindered, due to many companies failing to accurately disclose where they operate – leaving biodiverse forests at risk of unsustainable exploitation. This is just one finding of an in-depth evaluation of forestry companies, published today on 18 July 2018 by ZSL (Zoological Society of London).

Read the press release in English or French.

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IDH have released a new series on the business case for companies to engage in landscape approaches

There is a short article summarising the results here, or you can read each case separately:

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New Trase Yearbook highlights deforestation linked to exports of Brazilian soy

New analysis, published today, identifies the deforestation risks associated with the supply chain of one of the world’s most traded agricultural commodities — Brazilian soy, linking the companies and consumer countries to the regions where the soy is grown.

The Trase Yearbook 2018, Sustainability in forest-risk supply chains puts the spotlight on the trade in Brazilian soy against a backdrop of growing global dependence on crops that are increasingly produced in just a few countries in the world.

Read the full article here.

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Rebanho bovino responde por 17% das emissões de gases de efeito estufa no Brasil.

Gado é o principal emissor do setor de agropecuária, mas também tem o maior potencial de redução de poluição indica nova análise do SEEG.

O rebanho bovino brasileiro emitiu 392 milhões de toneladas de gases de efeito estufa em 2016. Isso equivale a 17% de todas as emissões de gás carbônico do Brasil naquele ano, ou 79% de tudo o que foi emitido no setor de agropecuária. Se fosse um país, o gado brasileiro seria o 16° maior poluidor climático do planeta, à frente da Turquia. E isso considerando apenas as emissões diretas - excluindo o desmatamento, realizado em grande parte para a implantação de pastagens.

Os dados vêm de uma nova análise do SEEG (Sistema de Estimativas de Emissões e Remoções de Gases de Efeito Estufa), divulgada hoje (20) pelo Observatório do Clima (OC). O documento aponta que o setor da agropecuária foi responsável por 22% das emissões de gases de efeito estufa (GEE) no Brasil em 2016. No ano da análise, as emissões diretas do setor agropecuário totalizaram 499,3 milhões de toneladas de CO2 equivalente, registrando um aumento de 1,7% em relação ao ano anterior.

Baixe aqui o relatório completo.

Confira o vídeo de Laura de Santis Prada, secretária executiva do Imaflora, apresentando o relatório, aqui.

Entre 1970 e 2016, as emissões do setor agropecuário aumentaram 165%. Nos últimos dez anos, as emissões registraram crescimento de cerca de 40%, enquanto a produção agrícola aumentou 130% e a produção de carne bovina, 180%. O país é o terceiro maior emissor global por agropecuária, atrás apenas de China e Índia. Em 2017, a agropecuária representou 5,3% do PIB (Produto Interno Bruto) brasileiro, registrando crescimento de 13% em relação a 2016, ano da análise.

Para o pesquisador da área de Clima e Cadeias Agropecuárias do Imaflora (Instituto de Manejo e Certificação Florestal e Agrícola), Ciniro Costa Junior, um dos responsáveis pela condução do estudo, o resultado revela que a agropecuária brasileira continua sendo pautada por mecanismos de baixa eficiência, que afetam o clima e a produtividade no campo.

"Embora a agropecuária seja o principal motor da economia brasileira, o passivo climático deixado por ela é muito grande. E a falta de políticas públicas olhadas para o setor, que poderiam criar estímulos às boas práticas, amplia a discussão para que haja uma mudança significativa, para uma gestão de eficiência, que olhe de maneira mais assertiva e trate de soluções para as propriedades", afirma.

Do total das emissões da pecuária, 79% são provenientes da bovinocultura de corte e leite, 6% da produção vegetal, 6% da aplicação de fertilizantes nitrogenados e outras fontes, com 7%. O Estado campeão no volume de emissões de GEE é Mato Grosso, responsável por 12%. Logo após aparecem Minas Gerais (11%), Rio Grande do Sul (10%) e Goiás (10%).

Para o pesquisador do Imaflora, a capacidade do Brasil de liderar e orientar a definição de políticas públicas para o setor, propondo soluções para a pecuária de baixo carbono, deveria nortear as ações governamentais dos próximos anos. "Alguns estudos indicam que os setores da pecuária e do uso da terra poderiam ser responsáveis por até 30% da mitigação de carbono que o País precisa para reverter o quadro de mudanças climáticas. Isso é bastante interessante porque pode ser utilizado em estratégias para o cumprimento das metas do Acordo de Paris, assinado pelo Brasil em 2015", aponta.

Um dos exemplos citados por Costa Junior é o da cana-de-açúcar. Em São Paulo, as emissões pela queima de resíduos da cana foram reduzidas em 70% com o Protocolo Agroambiental, que determinou a eliminação da queima para colheita de forma gradativa até 2017. "O fim da queima da cana de açúcar é um exemplo positivo, que mostra um potencial de mudança que pode ser reproduzido em estratégias para a agropecuária. É um modelo que mostra como o alinhamento entre os setores público e privado podem dar certo e gerarem resultados para a população", acrescenta.

O relatório do setor de Agropecuária integra uma série de cinco documentos de análise do SEEG. Também estão disponíveis análises dos setores de Mudança de Uso da Terra, Resíduos e Energia e Processos Industriais. Um relatório-síntese com recomendações para a política de clima do Brasil será publicado nos próximos dias.

Sobre o SEEG

O SEEG é uma ação do Observatório do Clima, uma rede de entidades da sociedade civil que tem como objetivo discutir a as mudanças climáticas no contexto Brasileiro e influenciar politicas nacionais e internacionais. Entre seus membros, o Imaflora foi o responsável por liderar o cálculo das estimativas da atividade agropecuária.  Saiba mais em: 

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2018 - The year of transparency

Amazon Soy Moratorium sharing learning.

Imaflora - Climate and Agricultural Supply Chains Initiative - Marina Piatto and Lisandro Inakake de Souza.

On June 6, ABIOVE (Brazilian Association of Vegetable Oil Industries) published the first time the results of audits that demonstrate the commitment of soybeans exporters to the Soy Moratorium. The Moratorium is an agreement between companies, NGOs, government and consumers which provides for the exporters’ commitment not to acquire raw material or to finance crops grown in deforested areas of the Amazon biome after July 2008. The agreement is for an indefinite period and over the years more than 12 years of its implementation the quality of monitoring and purchase system without deforestation and audits has been improving.

Annually the spatial monitoring of the area planted with soybeans in the biome is publicized. In the 2016-2017 harvest in the states of Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, Maranhão, Amapá, Roraima and Tocantins were detected around 47 thousand hectares of soybeans planted in deforested areas. The monitoring report detailing the scope of work with the number of municipalities monitored, the method used (based on PRODES) and the deforested areas (polygons) for soybean planting. Mato Grosso had larger participation in soybean planting in its areas with disagreement of the Moratorium - 36.1 thousand ha (76.2%), followed by Pará, with 7.4 thousand ha (15.7%). ), Maranhão, with 2.2 thousand ha (4.7%) and Rondônia, with 1.6 thousand ha (3.4%). The document also highlights the expansion of soybeans in the biome, which has been primarily targeted at pasture areas, reinforcing the premise of food production that is not necessary for further conversion of forests and another natural ecosystem.

The novelty of this year is transparency of the summary results of the audits on soybean purchases from exporters. To achieve the commitment, companies use spatial monitoring, the list of environmental embargoed areas, and producers and companies included in the slave labor list. Soy purchases and production financings are verified in independent audits, and each report is evaluated by a commission where the results are analyzed and improvements recommended.

The physical report highlights:

•        The number of companies audited is increasing.

·         Greater accuracy, detail and consistency in the audit reports.

·         Most reports show that no soy purchases were carried out with deforestation in July 2008.

•        Only two reports indicate purchase in non-compliance with the Moratorium: one registers the purchase of restricted soybean from supplier and another the auditor informs an uncertainty about the origin of the soybean.

•        Some companies still do not perform independent audits and / or have not submitted their reports, which should be improved in the next harvest.

•        Indirect suppliers are not monitored so far.

Evidence shows the progress made and the opportunities for improving the system. The improvement of the tools that guarantee compliance with the Soy Moratorium is important for the maintenance of the forest and the image of the sector, as well as being a reference for other processes that seek to eliminate deforestation and slave labor from their supply chains.

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ZSL announce new companies being assessed by SPOTT in 2018

SPOTT assessments score commodity producers and traders on the public availability of commitments and information relating to environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues. The information generated by SPOTT supports constructive industry engagement by investors, ESG analysts, buyers and other supply chain stakeholders.

Currently, the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) assesses 50 palm oil producers and traders, and 24 timber and pulp producers on SPOTT. In response to demand from the users of SPOTT, we are expanding the number of companies assessed to 70 palm oil producers and traders, and 50 timber and pulp producers in 2018.

Read the full article here.

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Assessment and reporting initiatives convene to improve company accountability


The Tropical Forest Alliance 2020 brought together nine different initiative aimed at preventing deforestation in April 2018.  Together they discussed the challenges and opportunities specific to assessing, monitoring and reporting of company deforestation policies and their implementation. 

The group addressed critical questions, such as the need for consistency and coverage of data, gaps in current approaches, and communication with the broader community of practice.
Building on the efforts of the Accountability Framework (AFi), the 'accountability and reporting initiatives' recognized the need to improve coordination and avoid redundancy of their efforts. With a common goal of both helping companies implement their zero deforestation commitments, and holding them to account for their commitments. 

The group identified opportunities to improve in coordination between themselves. For example, the initiatives can establish clearer expectations for companies on how to measure and report progress, in line with the guidance developed by the AFi.

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Proforest launch new guide to sustainable rubber

Rubber continues to drive deforestation in the tropics. It’s been identified by the SCTN to be one of the forest risk commodities receiving the least attention.  To help address this gap Proforest released the Guidance to Sustainable Natural Rubber to provide advice on how to produce rubber in a way that is environmentally and socially sound, and well as economically viable. This guidance is part of the InFit collaboration between the UK and China on forest investment and trade. The guidance is the first of its type, taking a comprehensive and risk-based approach to natural rubber production.

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Supply Change and Ceres launch new analysis on traceability

Traceability is a central element to a robust deforestation commitment.  New analysis from Supply Change and Ceres explores if and how companies are achieving traceability of their commodity supply chains. An analysis of over 800 traceability statements from commodity companies reveals that fewer than half the companies have a statement of traceability of intent.  Among those companies that do, fewer than half have a clear and actionable commitment to implement traceability. The report explores common elements of strong traceability commitments, and makes recommendations for improved guidance and collaboration to guide traceability efforts.  Read the full report here